Bee Varieties Range
From 2009 to 2018, 192 bee assortment (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was actually trapped inside the Calanques Federal Park through one another on the internet and you’ll dish pitfall series. They belonged to help you six household and 38 genera. Megachilidae are probably the most kinds-steeped nearest and dearest, followed by Apidae and you may Halictidae, that have 53, forty two, and you may 43 classes, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is simply brand new wealthiest genus, with 33 range, when you are seven genera was in fact portrayed regarding only 1 varieties (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table 1 [online simply] ). Utilizing the jackknife step one and you can 2 bots, the fresh bee variety richness is actually projected to be ranging from ± nine.89 and you can ± . The fresh seen fullness hence portrayed 71.step three to help you 79.6% of the projected bee fullness ( Desk 2). The fresh new Chao1 approach projected this new viewed richness to track down 76.8% of possible restriction richness ( Table dos). By far the most abundant types is basically Apis mellifera L. (276 someone), having Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you will 168 some body, respectively), and you can Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 somebody). In the course of time, fifty kinds (26%) was represented by the only one personal (singletons).
Environment Functions out-of Bees
Concerning your ecological functions off nesting requires, we know 59 solitary bee kinds nesting above flooring, ninety-five solitary bee diversity nesting below ground and you can 23 cleptoparasitic variety, similar to 29.eight, 47.nine, and you will numerous.0% of one’s done bee range fullness, respectively. We concept of four private kinds (bumble bees and you can honey bees-dos.1%). Ultimately, the fresh new nesting tastes out-of 14 range are still unknown (7.3%- Supp Desk the initial step [online just] ). About your floral eating plan out-of bee categories, i discovered that 105 designs (54.7%) foraged to the many bush types (i.decades., generalist diversity, polylectic) and you will 51 species (26.5%) foraged on one plant nearest and dearest if not one to/partners bush types (i.decades., top-notch species, oligolectic). Toward remaining thirty-six bee range (18.8%), the brand new flowery diet plan was not understood (elizabeth.grams., with cleptoparasitic varieties). perhaps not, very generalist types showed a preference for 1 or lots out of plant family members ( Supp Desk 1 [on the internet just] ). Toward 49 singletons, 14 bee classes (28%) is specialist, and you can nine bee species (18%) was basically cleptoparasitic ( Supp Table step one [on line merely] ).
A passionate IUCN reputation are plentiful to have 178 assortment (leaving out new classes houses and you can unidentified designs). Many, 47 sizes was classified while the investigation not having (DD-26.4%), 124 variety was the absolute minimum concerned (LC-69.6%), half dozen types had been close threatened (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another varieties is thought threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table step one [online only] ). Around three oligolectic categories had been among the many eight threatened bee versions. A great. ovatula and you will C. albomaculatus was specialist into the Fabaceae, D. argentata is largely a professional on the Caprifoliaceae.
Of 2009 to 2018, 38 form of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) have been caught in to the Calanques Federal Playground. It belonged to help you twenty four genera ( Supp Table dos [on the web merely] ). The absolute most plentiful genera was indeed Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 people), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen anyone), and Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville during the Latreille, 1828 (13 people), whereas 20 types (53%) were represented throughout the singular personal ( Supp Table 2 [online only] ). The brand new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was in fact portrayed of your 20 kinds, including five singletons (25%) ( Supp Desk 3 [online only] ). The new price away from full variety fullness aside-regarding hover flies and you may bee flies are between 83 and 97 groups with the jackknife step 1 and you may 2 indexes, correspondingly. For that reason, this new viewed richness portrayed 59.8–69.9% of your projected hover travel and you may bee fly richness ( Dining table dos).